While cannabis is safer than other recreational substances, it is still important to keep children, teens and animals. Like alcohol or prescription medication it is important to first educate children about cannabis and then keep it out of reach and monitor it. For some this could mean simply keeping cannabis in the childproof containers they are stored in, perhaps on a high shelf (for smaller children), or in a cannabis cabinet or safe (for curious teens).
Whether in a pipe, joint or bong, the most traditional way to smoke cannabis is smoking. While cannabis smoke does not have the same chemicals in it that tobacco does, you are still burning and inhaling a crude substance which could cause irritation in the throat and lungs. Smoking is very easy to moderate because the onset is quick--within minutes of the first inhalation. Once you feel like you've had enough you can simply stop. "Enough" is a different level for everyone (some people only use one pipe bowl, while others need a whole joint. Start low, go slow and discontinue if you feel sick or dizzy.
Edibles won't be available for purchase until late 2019, but nothing is stopping you from trying your hand at baking. Edibles are tricky for a few reasons: first of all because they are disguised as regular food. If you are choosing to make your own edibles, make sure they are properly labelled so everyone in the house knows your baking contains cannabis. Edibles are also tricky because the onset is much longer--45 minutes or an hour after you actually eat them. Until edibles are standardized dosing is going to be very tricky indeed. Just like with smoking, start low, go slow and discontinue if you feel sick or dizzy. Eating too much cannabis can also lead to anxiety or a panic attack. Try to relax and calm down, it will pass in a couple hours.
A vaporizer is a device that heats up cannabis below a point of combustion (like smoking) and a vapor is created that you inhale. This is not the same as an e-cig or e-juice (where glycol is added). Vaporizing cannabis (whether it is the dry bud or oil) is the safest and easiest way to moderate cannabis intake. Like smoking, onset is almost instantaneous. Once you feel as though you have had enough just take a break. Additionally, vaping is much safer on your lungs and body than smoking--in fact, coughing is a signal that the device is too warm and you need to turn it down. There are no dangers associated with inhaling vapour secondhand. Just like with smoking and edibles, start low, go slow, and discontinue if you start to feel sick or dizzy.
Dabbing is a catchall way of describing vaporizing hash oil or other concentrates like shatter or wax. Concentrates like hash won't be available for sale until late 2019 (like edibles). A "dab" is a small portion of extract that is scooped onto a tool. Dabbing is highly concentrated with THC levels between 70%-95% (which is up to 5x stronger than a bud). Some compare it to a tequila vs. a beer. While you use a lot less it is very easy to over-indulge on a dab because it is so highly concentrated. Dabbing is a more advanced technique, and something you should maybe do with a friend. Just like everything else--start low, go slow and discontinue if you feel sick or dizzy. If you do consume too much concentrate and start to panic, like edibles, try to relax and know it will pass shortly.
Under no circumstances should you give cannabis to a pet, in any form, without first consulting your veterinarian. Cannabis is something that should be consented to, and like children, animals are unable to give consent. There is no way to measure an effective dose and you don't know how they will react. It won't kill them, but they might be confused and scared because they don't understand what's going on. If you think your pet could benefit from cannabis as a medicine talk to your veterinarian.